Transversal Study on the Theme of Cultural
Policy and Cultural Diversity
The country reports on Belgium, Bulgaria, Switzerland, Canada, Luxembourg, Britain and Austria deal with three main questions:
- Description of the ethnic and cultural composition of the country
- The relationship between the many administrative bodies responsible for the various forms of cultural diversity
- A description of the development of cultural policy since 1945 and the management of cultural diversity envisaged in it
The study shows that the function of nation-state cultural policy has changed substantially over recent decades.
The (nation-state) cultural policies are no longer primarily there to help form homogeneous national societies, but are intended to take account of changes in demographic composition in the sense of the development of democratic societies: on the one hand, inasmuch as they enable cultural participation structures for all population groups, on the other in that they contribute to intensive cultural cooperation in the sense of a common European development.