Projects

Here you will find studies, expert opinions, evaluations, articles and analyses on our main themes.

Cultural Policy …

… general

   Faro - The Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society

   Workshop: Cultural Heritage - and now? On the Value of Cultural Heritage
   for Society

   Fair Pay - Online-Survey on the financial conditions of cultural workers in
    independent cultural initiatives

   Update of the Cultural Policy Profile of Austria in the Compendium in English
   and German

   International Art and Cultural Funding: Models in Selected Countries

   The cultural profile of Graz

   Drawing up of a cultural strategy for Graz

   Europe Promotes Culture

   Evaluation of cultural subsidies in Graz

… in the Context of Urban and Regional Development

   At a Glance. EU Regional Supports for Art and Culture

   Spaces for Creative Use: Potential for Vienna

   Partnership without borders. Supporting the development of the economy, of    culture and creativity in the cross-border region Hungary-Romania-Ukraine

   Policy Handbook by OCM-Group on Culture and EU-Structural Funds and Culture

   Workshop: Culture in EU Regional Policy

   Review of current publications and studies concerning Art,
   and Creative Industries in the context of EU Structural Funds

   The Creative Motor for Regional Development. Arts and Culture Projects and the
   EU Structural Funding in Austria

   The contribution of culture to local and regional development in the
   frameworkof the European cohesion policy

   Who does the city belong to? Vienna – art in public space since 1968

   Art, Culture, and the Uefa Euro 2008: cultural provision and institutional
   frameworks in Vienna.

   The added value of art and culture for urban areas

   The economic relevance of culture and the creative industries: Vienna in
   comparison with Barcelona, Berlin, London, Milan and Paris

   Centrope - Culture

   International cultural activities in Lower Austria

… in the Context of Cultural Development

   Mobility Matters. Programmes and Schemes to Support the Mobility of Artists
   and Cultural Professionals

   Mobility of cultural professionals

   Mapping Research on Mobility in the Creative Sector

… in the Context of Cultural Diversity

   EU-Project: Evaluation of cultural policies and EU funded programmes as
   promotors of cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue in the
   Balkans/Southeast Europe (SEE)

   The UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity
   of Cultural Expressions – Stocktaking on Implementation and Application in
   Austria

   Differing Diversities: Eastern European Perspectives. Cultural Policy and
   Cultural Diversity

   Transversal Study on the Theme of Cultural Policy and Cultural Diversity

… in the Context of Institutions and Branches

   Comparison of architecture centres

   Festival Dschungle, Policy Desert? Festival Policies of Public Authorities in Europe

   Contribution to the first Austrian Report on Building Culture

   Appraisal and exploratory study of research in Austrian museums

   Intersection of Architecture and Policy

   Theatres in Vienna and Graz: performances and productions

   Comparison of Architectural Centres

Kreativwirtschaft/Creative Industries

   The Financing Situation and Requirements of the Austrian Cultural and
   Creative Industries

   Alliances and Symbiosis - departure and the Creative Industries in Vienna

   5th Austrian Creative Industries Report - Schwerpunkt:
   Focus: Creative Industries as regional factor

   International Cultural Industries Report

   The Path of the Creative Industries in Austria

   The relevance to Vienna of Richard Florida's „creative class“

   Investigation of the Economic Potential in the Field of Creative Industries
   in Vienna

   Science for Creative Industries

   Exploitation and Development of the Job Potential in the Cultural Sector
   in the Age of Digitalisation

Cultural Policy …

… general

Faro - The Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society
(2014-2015)

The Council of Europe´s Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society (Faro 2005) extends the concept of culture in relation to other conventions and underlines the responsibility of each state for its cultural heritage. In addition it emphasises the close connection between cultural heritage and sustainable development and asks: why and for whose benefit are we protecting the European cultural heritage?

Austria signed and ratified the framework convention in 2014 and enters into force in 2015, so Austria committed itself to taking measures to implement the terms of the agreement.

The österreichische kulturdokumentation is working on an exploratory study that describes the objectives of the framework agreement and analyses the role and importance of the cultural heritage in the European and international context. As a basic paper it is intended to answer the following questions: What is the Faro convention? What does the convention seek to do? What aims is the Council of Europe pursuing? What is the position in Austria?

Current measures and activities are explored with regard to the importance of the cultural heritage for society in Austria and best-practice examples are described. Above all it will work out what structural measures and projects still have to be developed in order to take the implementation of the convention in Austria forward.

Download (1,3) MB

Project period: November 2014 to April 2016
Funded by the Arts and Culture Division of the Federal Chancellery of Austria

Workshop: Cultural Heritage - and now? On the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society

The Federal Chancellery of Austria in co-operation with the österreichische kulturdokumentation organized a workshop on 27 January 2016 on the value of cultural heritage for society addressed to interested stakeholders from relevant ministries, the Federal States, artists, members of NGO´s and interest groups as well as experts from arts, culture and cultural heritage.

The representatives of the Council of Europe and Austria gave an overview of the role of cultural heritage in cultural policies and the Faro Convention. They highlighted the pioneering role of cultural heritage for society by placing it at the centre of society and using it for the improvement of the quality of life, democratic participation and social cohesion. The survey "Faro - The Council of Europe´s Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society" conducted by the österreichische kulturdokumentation was presented and discussed by the participants.

On the basis of the Austrian projects from the survey cultural heritage was illustrated as part of society from a project view as well as a more theoretical approach, in the context of cultural diversity, sustainability, contemporary art and digitization.

The workshop provided a starting point for further steps of implementation and the results of the workshop have been incorporated into the the survey.

Download:
Programme (in German)
Broschure Faro Convention
Faro Workshop Report (in German)
Faro Study (in German)

Update of the Cultural Policy Profile of Austria in the Compendium in English and German
(since 1998, continuing)
Commissioned by: Council of Europe, carried out by Ericarts; country profile of Austria: Kulturdokumentation

The internet portal is a Council of Europe project. It is coordinated by ERICarts and carried out with national cooperation partners. It presents the cultural policy profile of 42 European countries (Albania, Austria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Canada, Czech Republik, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Holy See, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, the Netherlands, FYR Macedonia, Malta, Monaco, Moldova, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom). The aim of the project is to make individual cultural policy profiles of all 47 countries that have signed the European Culture Convention accessible in electronic form.

The cultural policy profiles are divided into eight thematic chapters ranging from the historic perspective to administrative structures, current political issues, cultural policy measures and concepts and cultural funding. A “comparative view” provides a direct comparison between the various countries; the “cupix” offers a European price comparison of current cultural products from pop CDs to opera tickets. The österreichische kulturdokumentation is responsible for the cultural policy country profile of Austria.

english: www.culturalpolicies.net

International Art and Cultural Funding: Models in Selected Countries

(2009)
Commissioned by the Arts Division of the Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture (BMUKK)

For the Arts Division of the BMUKK the österreichische kulturdokumentation has provided an expertise on the subject of international arts and cultural funding and international cultural policy.

Various concepts of international cultural policy and promotion (organisational forms, budgets, services, structures, etc.) in selected European countries (Denmark, Germany, Finland, Britain, the Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland) were described. Programmes and activities by ministries (cultural and foreign ministries), departments (e.g. the Danish Arts Council), organisations (e.g. the Goethe-Institut), foundations (e.g. Pro Helvetia) and agencies (incoming, outgoing agencies) that promote, coordinate and organise artistic mobility, cultural import and export and international cooperation were described. The summary offers a foundation for estimating trends and developments in international cultural policy and promotion.

The cultural profile of Graz

(2007-2008)
Commissioned by: the cultural department of Graz City Council

Arts and cultural expenditure, cultural provision and opportunities for participation were listed in order to draw up a cultural profile of the city of Graz. The study describes the Graz cultural landscape, the cultural and creative labour market and the artistic education and training opportunities. It sketches out cultural development and cultural policy up until 2007 and analyses the cultural-policy discussions of the recent years.

At a Glance. EU Regional Supports for Art and Culture

(2015) Commissioned by: Federal Chancellery, The Arts and Culture Division II/10 European and International Culture Policy
Authors: Veronika Ratzenböck, Anja Lungstraß, Xenia Kopf

2014 marks the beginning of a new funding period: new aims, strategies and support programmes have come into force. These subsidies offer a great potential for art and culture and at the same time art and culture contribute considerably to the regional policy aims. The österreichischen kulturdokumentation study The Creative Motor for Regional Development has already shown this for the last funding period.

On this basis and commissioned by The Arts and Culture Division of the Federal Chancellery, the österreichische kulturdokumentation developed a handbook for Austrian artists, cultural workers and institutions that offers concrete and practical support to make the regional support funds more easyly accessible.

The guide presents profiles of all current programmes in Austria, gives pointers to project development and applications and answers all the questions on the issue: What are the ESI-Funds? How do ESI-support work? What programmes are there? What projects are supported? Under what conditions are art and culture supported? How do applications, implementation and accounting work? Where is advice available?

All the important terminology on EU regional policy and the important information is summarised in the glossary.

Download

Partnership without borders: DECC - Supporting the development of the economy, of culture and creativity in the cross-border region Hungary-Romaina-Ukraine

(2014)
Editor: MKW GmbH, München
Authors: Franz Hitzelsberger, Gernot Nerb, Veronika Ratzenböck, Ute Vieting, Jana Petrowa

Commissioned by Maramures Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Baia Mare, Romaina (CCIMM) the study analyses the structures and (economic) potentials of the Cultural and Creative Industries (CCI) in the border region between Maramures county (Romania), Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county (Hungary) and Transcarpathia oblast (Ukraine) and containes proposals for measures to boost the cross-sectorial and cross-border regional Cultural and Creative Industries.

Download the Study
The project was co-funded by the European Union under the ENPI Cross-border Programme Hungary-Slovakia-Romania-Ukraine 2007-2013.

Drawing up of a cultural strategy for Graz
(2007 - 2008)
Commissioned by: Graz City Council and Cultural Department

Together with a working group of experts from Graz (Harald Saiko, Michael Petrowitsch, Pauline Riesel-Soumaré), the österreichische kulturdokumentation is drawing up a cultural strategy for the city of Graz, which draws together the cultural-policy discussions of recent years and is intended to serve as preparation for the cultural-policy decision-making process for a "cultural strategy 2020". It will describe the cultural landscape of Graz, the cultural development and cultural policy until 2007 will be outlined, a support catalogue will be drawn up and specific cultural-policy measures developed. As part of the strategy, the cultural profile of the city of Graz was completed at the end of 2007.

The cultural profile of Graz is available in German: Download as pdf-file (625 KB)


Europe Promotes Culture
(2003 - 2007)
Commissioned by: Arts Division of the Federal Chancellery, German Federal Foreign Office
Cooperation partner: Kulturplitische Gesellschaft, Bonn

The internet portal "Europe promotes Culture" offers an overview of more than 90 EU support opportunities for cultural projects from the programmes of the European Union. The website refers to cultural workers, scientitsts, artists, project-managers and all people who are looking for EU supports for cultural projects in the broadest sense.

A transparent search structure facilitates researches and a targeted selection of links leads to the necessary original documents of the European Commission, to contacts and further sources of information. Examples of projects supported provide those interested and potential applicants with further information on whether an application may have successful prospects.

The kulturdokumentation was working in cooperation with the German Kulturpolitische Gesellschaft on that project which came out of the handbook of the same name published in 2002 which in the meantime is out of print (ed. by the Kulturpolitische Gesellschaft and the German Kulturrat, Klartext Verlag, Essen 2001).
Since 2008 the Cultural Contact Point Austria is in charge of the updates.
www.ccp-austria.at

Website: http://www.europa-foerdert-kultur.info


Evaluation of cultural subsidies in Graz
(2006)
Commissioned by: Cultural department of the City of Graz

As a basis for new long-term contracts with the city of Graz, 51 applicants, including cultural associations and independent theatres and institutions from the field of music, were evaluated. In order to ensure an evaluation that takes the differing conceptions and objectives of the applicants into account, the criteria covered both quantitative and qualitative factors. The evaluation was carried out through questionnaires and interviews and contained self-appraisal as well as external appraisal.

The contribution of culture to local and regional development in the framework of the European cohesion policy

(2009-2010)
Commissioned by CSES, ERICarts and the European Commission

Under the project-lead of the Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services (CSES) together with ERICArts (the Institute for Comparative Cultural Research) a study has been provided, investigating the contribution of culture to local and regional development as part of European cohesion policy.

29 countries shared in the project. The österreichische kulturdokumentation has worked on the Austrian section and has selected six exemplary art- and culture-projects that have received funding from the European Structural Fund in which Austrian project partners have played and play a leading role. On the basis of a questionnaire, these projects were described by the österreichische kulturdokumentation and prepared for the study, which appeared in spring 2010.

Full Report.pdf (841 KB), Annex 1.pdf (1,6 MB), Annex 2.pdf (3,1 MB)

… in the Context of Urban and Regional Development

Spaces for Creative Use: Potential for Vienna

Study, presentation in autumn 2014
Commissioned by departure – Creative Agency of the City of Vienna

österreichische kulturdokumentation: Veronika Ratzenböck, Xenia Kopf
Urban Catalyst Studio: Klaus Overmeyer, Siri Frech, Luc Knödler
ifoer/TU Wien: Rudolf Scheuvens, SkuOR/TU Wien: Anja Steglich

Vienna, a growing city, is going through the change from an industrial society to a knowledge society, as can be felt throughout Europe. With the growing diversity of cultures, people’s creativity is becoming ever more pronounced. In the course of this transformation process, new generations of creative workers are establishing themselves in the city with their artistic, cultural, creative industries and socially innovative projects.

Together with Urban Catalyst (Berlin) and ifoer/SkuOR (TU Wien), the kulturdokumentation has investigated the spatial potential of these creative uses in Vienna. The study outlines the importance of creativity in connection with urban development in Vienna. The analysis characterises the creative industries, art and culture and temporary creative uses in the city and describes the scale, developments and spatial tendencies as well as problem areas and specific potential for Vienna. Two detailed case studies complement the analysis. Finally the main, overlapping themes – such as hybridity and self-organisation – the spatial features and the general conditions and challenges of creative uses in Vienna that form the basis for the development of fields of action and strategies are summarised.

Policy Handbook on: How to strategically use the EU support programmes, including structural funds, to foster the potential of culture for local, regional and national development and the spill-over effects on the wider economy?

(2012)
Commissioned by the European Union
Conducted by the Working Group of EU Member States Experts (Open Method of Coordination) on Cultural and Creative Industries

The objective of this policy handbook is to better sensitise local, regional and national authorities as well as the cultural community of the potential of cultural and creative industries in boosting regional and local development. The handbook intends to help them in formulating local, regional and national strategies for cultural and creative industries. It also aims to serve as a tool for the planning and implementation of a strategic use of the EU support programmes, including the structural funds, to foster the potential of culture for local, regional, national development and the spill-over effects on the wider economy.

The target group for the handbook are the policy-makers at local, regional and national level responsible for both cultural and economic planning as well as those responsible for the planning of the EU structural funds. Based on existing experience from different member states the handbook introduces ways to use the EU structural funds for developing CCIs at local, regional as well as national level and also bridging CCIs with the rest of the economy to foster innovation, tourism and urban regeneration. It also contains useful information on the next generation of EU structural funds covering the period 2014-2020.

Download as pdf (in English)
Link to pdf in other languages

Workshop: Culture and EU Regional Policy

(2012)
In cooperation with the Federal Ministry for Education, the Arts and Culture

In July 2012 in cooperation with the Ministry for Education, the Arts and Culture the kulturdokumentation organised a workshop on the subject of "Culture in EU Regional Policy – Practice and Perspectives".

Some 80 participants from the arts and culture discussed the findings of the study "The Creative Motor for Regional Development" (published by österreichische kulturdokumentation)". The hottest issue was the concrete perspectives for culture in the EU regional support programmes: Where is access to the support funds possible, where is it made difficult? What projects have chances of receiving support? Discussions and practice reports on these and other questions can now be read in a report:

the report (in German)

Review of current publications, documents and studies of the arts, culture and the creative industries in the context of the EU Structural Funds

(2012)
Commissioned by the Federal Ministry for Education, the Arts and Culture

In 2012 several studies, guidelines and postings on the topics of culture, creative industries and regional development were published at EU level. The international affairs department of the BMUKK commissioned the österreichischen kulturdokumentation to summarise the results and recommendations of these publications and to format them in an easily accessible manner. This review serves as a tool for orientation and preparation for negotiations for the upcoming period, e.g. in the range of the "focus group on culture and the creative industries" at the Austrian Conference on Spatial Planning within the STRAT.AT 2020 process.

the review (in German)

The Creative Motor for Regional Development.
Arts and Culture Projects and the EU Structural Funding in Austria

(2011)
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture

The structural and regional policy of the EU is one of the most important and highly funded political areas of the union: it is intended to harmonise economic and social differences between the regions and strengthen solidarity between the member states. Art, culture and the creative industries play a central role here - which has so far been little taken account of in EU regional policy.

The österreichische kulturdokumentation was commissioned by the Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture to carry out this study in order to show the current status and volumes of arts, culture and the creative industries in the framework of EU regional support programmes in Austria and to reveal their possible potential.

The main findings: Between 2007 and 2010 - that is, at “half time” in the current 2007 to 2013 support period - 534 projects with a total budget of € 139 million had been approved within the regional support programmes. More than half of these - € 78.8 million - come from the EU funds ERDF, the ESF and the EAFRD.
These figures by far exceed expectations and underscore the fact that regional development policy is just as responsible for art, culture and the creative industries as it is for industry, the environment or transport etc. The expectations, however, were not without reason considerably lower than the actual results; because in the conception of regional development policy, i.e. in the strategic guidelines, formulations of objectives and operational programmes, there is no discernable rigorous approach to taking account of culture.

The findings are discussed in all details in this publication: which of the 25 programmes surveyed make art and culture possible, where are the creative industries being particularly supported, what are the predominant themes, how do the Austrian provinces deal with the issue - and above all, where is there still latent potential that can be activated? The concluding recommendations are oriented at a better perception and anchoring of art, culture and the creative industries in order to use their potential more effectively.

Order the study
Download as pdf (german)
Download summary (german)
Download executive summary (german/englisch/french)

Who does the city belong to? Vienna – art in public space since 1968

(2008)
Commissioned by: KÖR GmbH, Kunsthalle Wien

The österreichische kulturdokumentation has carried out research and a screening of temporary and permanent artworks that have been created in Vienna since the late 1960s. The approximately 630 projects and works have been categorised chronologically as well as according to various criteria (artist, location, material, genre, theme). Thus it has been possible to track thematic significances, material and genre ascriptions and boom cycles over the decades – from the Kunst am Bau [art on buildings/architectural sculpture] of the 1960s to temporary interventions. A selection of 163 exemplary projects forms the basis for the publication „Wem gehört die Stadt? Wien – Kunst im öffentlichem Raum seit 1968“ [Who does the city belong to? Vienna – art in public space since 1968] by Thomas Edlinger and Anja Lungstraß, published by Kunst im öffentlichen Raum GmbH and Kunsthalle Wien, Bettina Leidl, Gerald Matt, Verlag für moderne Kunst Nürnberg.

[mehr]

Art, Culture, and the Uefa Euro 2008: cultural provision and institutional
   frameworks in Vienna.
(2008)
Commissioned by: Vienna Chamber of Commerce,
pub. SpEA, SportsEconAustria Institut für Sportökonomie, Vienna
Authors: Veronika Ratzenböck, Anja Lungstraß

In the framework of a study on the regional effects of the Uefa Euro 2008 in Vienna, the österreichische kulturdokumentation compiled the chapter on the cultural offers in Vienna during and around the 2008 European Football Championship. Based on the accompanying official cultural programme „2008–Austria on the Ball“ – the study lists the events, concerts, exhibitions and events on the theme of football that were planned at the time of the survey. Above and beyond this, it offered an overview of the cultural events that were planned beyond the subject of football during the major sporting event in June. The study was based on a telephone survey of cultural institutions in Vienna and describes the expectations of this on the possible sustainable effects of the Uefa Euro 2008.

download (in german language)



The added value of art and culture for urban areas
(2006 - 2008)
Commissioned by: Österreichischer Städtebund
Cooperation with: LIquA - Linzer Institut für qualitative Analysen

The study's task is to develop qualitative and quantitative indicators to measure and estimate the added value of art and culture for urban areas. The local cultural resources in eight Austrian provincial capitals and seven other cities are to be identified, barriers to their development will be indicated and an estimate of their potential for development will be made. A typology of the existing cultural organisations will be drawn up and their locations identified, and interviews will be carried out with experts and creative workers. For the cities of Graz, Krems and Linz a detailed compilation which deepens aforementioned topics was provided.

download (in german language)


Comparison of Architectural Centres
(2008)
Study commissioned by the Vienna Architecture Centre (Az W)
Authors: Katharina Okulski, Veronika Ratzenböck

As in the year 2000, the österreichische kulturdokumentation carried out a basic survey on selected architectural centres and museums. Using questionnaires, 10 international architecture institutions were questioned about their organisational and staff structures, budgets, costs and funding models, premises and visitors, activities and the focus of their work. The study analyses, interprets and contextualises this data and compares it with data from 2000. A description of trends and developments in the architecture institutions rounds off the study.



Festival Jungle, Policy Desert?
Festival Policies of Public Authorities in Europe
(2007 – 2008)
Commissioned by: Circle, European Festival Research Project, Interarts

Commissioned by an international consortium, in the framework of a project covering 22 countries the kulturdokumentation carried out a study of the number, size and type of publicly funded festivals in Austria. Alongside an overview of state support levels and the branches to which the supported festivals belong, a large international festival serves as a comprehensively illustrated case study (organisational structure, length, visitor numbers, staffing, budget, etc.)

Download as pdf-file



Centrope - Culture

(2004 - 2005)
Commissioned by: Europaforum

The aim was a survey of new cultural cooperation and cultural policies across national borders in the Central Europe region). Thus, derived from the description of the status quo (structures, competences, programmes etc.), a strategic concept is to be developed, on the one hand to give the political and culture-political decision-makers and the most important players in the cultural field the necessary instruments to inject cultural dynamism into the Central Europe region and on the other hand to identify new models of cultural cooperation and cooperative cultural policies. Besides the description of the national profiles of cultural policies and the description of the cultural activities and scenes with a focus on the four sub-regions - Vienna, southern Moravia, western Hungary and Bratislava - the strengths and weaknesses of cultural cooperation across national borders were identified. Strategies for trans-regional cultural cooperation were developed on this basis.

[more]



International cultural activities in Lower Austria
(2000 - 2000)
Commissioned by: Eco Plus together with the cultural department of Lower Austria

The international projects, activities and cooperation by artists, cultural initiatives, municipalities, associations and artistically and culturally active people in Lower Austria together with their neighbouring in the Czech Republic and Slovakia were presented and analysed through a questionnaire. The survey not only quantified the cultural cross-border activities but also described their basic financial and structural circumstances. Special attention was paid to recording the different forms of cultural contact: from small-scale activities, projects and events to major forms of cooperation, including projects in the framework of the European Union.


… in the Context of Cultural Development

Mobility Matters. Programmes and Schemes to Support the Mobility of Artists    and Cultural Professionals

(2008)
Commissioned by: Ericarts, Bonn, study for the European Commission

The study, carried out from April to October 2008, studies the mobility of artists and cultural professionals in Europe and the support programmes in various European countries. The österreichische kulturdokumentation has evaluated a questionnaire for the Austrian country profile and deals with questions on the mobility programmes for Austrian artists who go abroad as well as on programmes available for foreign artists in Austria. The focus of the questionnaire is on the artists-in-residence programmes, cross-border cooperation, support programmes for artists and cultural professionals, and training programmes. The study further investigates trends, supporting factors and obstacles to mobility and the effectiveness of mobility support and makes recommendations for more productive mobility programmes.

Long version in english: download as pdf
Short version in english: download as pdf
Short version in german: download as pdf
Short version in french: download as pdf

Mobility of cultural professionals

(2008)
Commissioned by: Ministry for Education, Culture and the Arts, EU coordination office for the „Working group on improving the conditions for the mobility of artists and other professionals in the culture field“

The österreichische kulturdokumentation was commissioned by the „EU working group on improving the conditions for the mobility of artists and other professionals in the culture field“ to present the obstacles to mobility in the fields of social insurance for artists and cultural professionals and creative workers (pension rights, unemployment benefit, health insurance) in Austria, the Austrian mobility programmes for artists and cultural professionals as well as trends and tendencies. The results of the study will shortly be published by the European Commission.

Mapping Research on Mobility in the Creative Sector
(2005-2006)
Commissioned by: European Cultural Foundation (ECF), Amsterdam

The international mobility of artists, cultural managers and others working in the cultural and media field, as well as the transfers of artistic ideas, works and trends are the core of the project. In the context of a survey of mainly economically inspired theories of the movement of "intellectual capital" the attempt will be made to deal empirically with the causes and consequences of cultural mobility, including their promotion and obstacles to them. This will take place primarily through comparisons of branches and countries, the evaluation of compendia and data collections as well as case studies and interviews. Historical aspects are also to be investigated inasmuch as they are relevant for present-day and future mobility processes.

The UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions – Stocktaking on Implementation and Application in Austria

(2009-2010)
Commissioned by the Austrian UNESCO Commission (ÖUK)

The österreichische kulturdokumentation has prepared a current stocktaking on the implementation of the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions: where is there a need for cultural policy action in Austria in the sense of the convention? Where are there problems and how can solutions be formulated for them with the help of the convention?

The UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2005) is aimed against a global cultural monoculture and against (market) liberalisation of cultural enterprises. It recognises the dual nature of cultural goods and services as commercial commodities on the one hand and as the bearers of cultural values and identity on the other and is a binding instrument of international law which gives all signatory states (so far 103, Austria signed in 2006) the right to an independent cultural policy. The field in which the UNESCO convention can and must be applied is a broad one. It ranges from sensitisation to the issue, raising of awareness of its lasting importance to society, the economy and politics, from the motivation work for its implementation through cooperative and effective collaboration of all players up to and including many specific individual measures from the most diverse fields of arts, culture and cultural policy.

Download in german as pdf-file

… in the Context of Cultural Diversity

EU-Project: Evaluation of Cultural Policies and EU-Funded Programmes as Promoters of Cultural Diversity and Intercultural Dialogue in the Balkans/Southeast Europe (SEE

(2012-2014)
EU-Project in the framework of the 2007-2013 Cultural Programme, budget 2012 Strand 3.2. – cooperation projects between institutions concerned with cultural policy analysis.

Partners of the project: PAC Multimedia (Macedonia, project lead), Akcija (Bosnia and Herzegovina) and österreichische kulturdokumentation (Austria)

As part of the two-year project the effects of national and local cultural policy and the EU-funded programmes on cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro were evaluated. For this, in all the countries data were systematically collected, analysed and evaluated, which are documented in the national country reports. In the process the kulturdokumentation analysed the EU perspective on the subject.

Alongside numerous seminars, workshops and a concluding conference (Skopje 2014), the main findings were made available through a webportal with a comprehensive database.

Partners of the project: PAC Multimedia Macedonia (project leader), Akcija Bosnia and Herzegovina and the österreichische kulturdokumentation

The project was co-funded by the European Union under the CULTURE Programme 2007-2013 and the Dept. of EU-Culture-Policy of the Austrian Federal Chancellery.


Differing Diversities: Eastern European Perspectives. Cultural Policy and
Cultural Diversity
(2001 - 2003)
Commissioned by: Council of Europe

The kulturdokumentation has been the Austrian cooperating partner for this continuing Council of Europe project since 1999. The project is a continuation of the "Transversal Study on the Theme of Cultural Policy and Cultural Diversity".

With Romania, Hungary and Russia, the emphasis is now on the central and eastern-European members of the Council of Europe. The final report on "Cultural Policy and Cultural Diversity" in these countries is being drawn up by the österreichische kulturdokumentation.

A major objective of this Council of Europe project is to learn more about the way cultural diversity is being dealt with in order, building on this, to extract common interests and differences between the interpretations and self-images in western and eastern Europe. Country site visits by expert delegations from the Council of Europe to the participating countries are being carried out in the context of the project.
The project was finished in July 2003.
A publication of the results of the project appeared in September 2006.


Transversal Study on the Theme of Cultural Policy and Cultural Diversity

(2000 - 2000)
Commissioned by: Council of Europe

The project analyses the issue of cultural policy and cultural diversity ­ because cultural diversity in all its forms represents a fundamental challenge for the traditional interpretations of cultural policy, yet also for our self-image and understanding of how public institutions reflect this cultural diversity.

The shift from the production of (cultural) homogeneity to the administration of diversity as a new social norm demands a new conception of the processes, mechanisms and relations required for democratic political development in the culturally diverse societies.

In the course of the study, national reports were drawn up in the participating countries, Belgium, Bulgaria, Switzerland, Canada, Luxembourg, Britain and Austria. The österreichische kulturdokumentation was here responsible for the coordination and reporting back of the Austrian contribution.

The final reportt "Differing Diversities" was drawn up on the basis of the country reports of the participating states. This final report and the individual country reports have meanwhile been published by the Council of Europe. Summaries of the country reports and the final report can be found on the website of the Council of Europe: http://www.coe.int/T/E/Cultural_Co-operation/culture/Completed_projects/Transversal
The Report for Austria is available at the kulturdokumentation.

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… in the Context of Institutions and Branches

Comparison of architecture centres
(2000 - 2001)
Commissioned by: IKP and Architekturzentrum Wien

The study was compiled in the framework of a positioning measure by the Architektur Zentrum Wien. The aim of the study was to gather basic data on other European centres, foundations and architectural museums - from budget frameworks and costings to forms of financing and figures on staff and visitor numbers. The objective of the project was to classify the Architektur Zentrum Wien in an international context. 17 international centres, foundations and museums for architecture were evaluated by questionnaire, qualitative interviews and appraisal of documents.


Contribution to the first Austrian Report on Building Culture
(2006)
Commissioned by: Plattform Architekturpolitik und Baukultur

In six subject volumes (recommendations, responsibility, publicity, sustainability, economy and production) the first Austrian Report on Building Culture explains the significance of building culture for the Austrian population from an economic, ecological and social perspective. The contribution from the österreichische kulturdokumentation „Creative industry and service export“ concerns itself with the importance of the architectural sector within the creative industries. On the basis of the examples of Austria, Britain and Germany, the overview shows that the architectural sector – seen from the perspective of economic statistics – is indeed a core area of the creative industries but is (still) hardly taken into account in the appropriate support programmes and strategies.

The Baukulturreport (art on buildings report) can be downloaded here: www.baukulturreport.at

Appraisal and exploratory study of research in Austrian museums
(2006)
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry for Education, Science and Culture, Dept. VI/3

The tasks of Austrian museums and exhibition houses are not just collecting, exhibiting and education, but as places and archives of knowledge, of art and nature they also have a political and scientific mandate to fulfil. The appraisal provided an overview of the form and extent of research in Austrian museums and exhibition houses. To this end, 80 national, provincial and city museums, selected exhibition houses, private museums and houses were surveyed and interviews were carried out with 14 experts. The recommendations for the promotion of museum research were derived from the questionnaires and interviews.


Intersection of Architecture and Policy
(2003 - 2004)
Commissioned by: Arts Division of the Federal Chancellery

Since the early 1990s quality safeguards for the built and natural environment has become a central field of action for state policy in many countries in Europe. Occasioned by a parliamentary inquiry into architecture policy and building-culture in Austria in March 2004, the project "intersection of architecture and policy" takes a look outside Austria's borders and illuminates architecture policy priorities and instruments in Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Finland, France, Britain, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Austria, Sweden, Switzerland, Slovakia and Slovenia.

The 14 country profiles include a description of the essential competence structures, concepts and support measures, provide information on education, professional modalities and interest associations and relevant architectural institutions. One chapter is dedicated to outlining measures (guidelines, supports etc.) in the context of architecture and building policy at European Union level. A collection of links to the most important institutions is intended to facilitate further researches.

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Theatres in Vienna and Graz: performances and productions
(2000 - 2001)
Commissioned by: Cultural department of the City of Vienna and the cultural department of the City of Graz

This study sought to relate the theatre programme of established major and medium-sized theatres to the under-funded free theatre field in Graz and Vienna. An analysis was made of how the different areas of the theatre (the national theatre, major, medium and small-scale theatres and free groups) contribute to the breadth of the variety of theatre performances. Thus the Freie Theater both in Graz and Vienna receive around 4 % of the subsidies, but contribute 38 % (Vienna) and 47 % (Graz) to the variety of performances in both cities.

Order the Publication


The economic relevance of culture and the creative industries: Vienna in comparison
with Barcelona, Berlin, London, Milan and Paris
(2005)
Commissioned by: Vienna City Council Department for EU Strategy and Economic Development

The study describes the relevance of culture and the creative industries in Vienna for the economy and employment in comparison with Barcelona, Berlin, London, Paris and Milan. The description and appraisal were carried out on the basis of following data: public financing of culture, proportion city - national government/province per capita proportion of cultural expenditure, employees in the cultural and creative industries, size of businesses in the creative industries, attendance figures and cultural provision, data on cultural tourism, description of the creative class based on Richard Florida.

On the basis of this data, relationships between the six cities were established to enable a argumentative positioning of their economic potential in culture and the creative industries. In order to provide a comparative description that is not only based on statistics, the essential trends in urban cultural policy and interesting concepts for urban developments and the creative industries were described.

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Kreativwirtschaft/Creative Industries

The Financing Situation and Requirements of the Austrian Cultural and Creative Industries
(2014)
Study conducted on behalf of the ERP Fund of aws, the Federal Chancellery, the Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy as well as creativ wirtschaft austria of the Austrian Economic Chamber
Authors:(KMU Forschung Austria/Austrian Institute for SME Research): Aliette Dörflinger, Karin Bachinger, Thomas Seidl; Internal Review: Peter Voithofer; in Cooperation with Veronika Ratzenböck (österreichische kulturdokumentation) and Paul Stepan (FOKUS)
Creative Industries´ companies and organisations face specific challenges and barriers concerning access to financial resources. A new Guarantee Fund by the European Union in the framework of the Creative Europe Programme aims to facilitate access to finance for the cultural and creative sectors. KMU Forschung Austria in cooperation with kulturdokumentation and FOKUS was commissioned to carry out a study on this subject. It gives an overview on the financing situation and needs of the Austrian CCIs and to provide an evidence base for decisions concerning the Austrian engagement in the European Guarantee Funds.

Download the study (in German)
the summary (in English)


Alliances and Symbiosis - departure and the Creative Industries in Vienna
(2014)
Commissioned by: Vienna Business Agency
Authors: Veronika Ratzenböck, Xenia Kopf
Since the foundation of departure as the central economic development and service agency for the Creative Industries in Vienna, there has been a great deal of change: scales and circumstances of the sector have shifted, new challenges have appeared, different players have been coming on the scene. The role of departure in the context of the growing city and its increasingly interdependent economies is constantly changing. Ten years after the foundation, it is time to take stock.

The study retraces developments in the Creative Industries in Vienna in the last ten years and sketches the role of departure in this environment. It describes in detail and analyses the services and activities set by departure since its foundation. On the occasion of the 10th anniversary, the study provides a comprehensive inventory of facts and figures and gives an overview on the importance of the agency as well as a glance at the upcoming challenges.




5th Austrian Creative Industries Report — Focus: Creative Industries as regional factor
(2012)
Commissioned by: creativ wirtschaft austria of the Austrian Chamber of Commerce in the framework of the "evolve" programme of the Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth

In cooperation with: Austrian Institute for SME Research and Oxford Research Sweden

The 5th Austrian Creative Industries Report presents the economic importance and development of the creative industries in Austria. The focus of the study is on the analysis of the potential and importance of the creative industries in regional development outside the urban centres.

The österreichischen kulturdokumentation worked out three case studies, the KAPO company (Styria) as an enterprise with a "lighthouse function" for the creative industries in the region, the bottom-up initiative OTELO, Open Technology Lab (Upper Austria), and the top-down strategy Campus Dornbirn (Vorarlberg).

The case studies illustrate the dynamics of the creative industries in the rural regions of Austria: where they are particularly successful, what ideas and inspirations they provide and what creative industry strategies there are. The study shows how the creative industries positively shape regions in the interplay of a large number of actors.

Options for action for the creative industries in the rural areas have been drawn up on the basis of the case-study findings, further international examples and the statistical research.

Download the study (in German, incl. English executive summary)
Download condensed version (in German)


International Cultural Industries Report
(2009)
Commissioned by: Research Center for Humanities and Social Sciences (CASS), Peking

The International Cultural Industries Report, published in Beijing in 2009, includes the Chinese translation of the 2004 Vienna Creative Industries Report by the österreichische kulturdokumentation, Mediacult and Wifo. It also includes reports on the creative industries in London, Australia and Germany.

The Path of the Creative Industries in Austria
(2008)
Article published in the 2008 Yearbook for Cultural Policy, Institut für Kulturpolitik der Kulturpolitischen Gesellschaft e.V., Bonn, 15 p. > Order
Authors: Veronika Ratzenböck, Anja Lungstraß

The österreichische kulturdokumentation drew up a contribution on the creative industries in Austria for the 2008 Yearbook for Cultural Policy. The article ranges from the beginnings of economic policy recognition of the great potential of this area through the first studies and surveys to the currently established structures and support measures for the creative industries in Austria, and raises the questions of the responsibility of cultural policy for this sector, which business has long recognised as being a boom area.

Download in german as pdf-file

The relevance to Vienna of Richard Florida's "creative class"
(2005)
Commissioned by: Vienna City Council Department for EU Strategy and Economic Development

The preliminary study is intended to lay the scientific and empirical fundamentals for an evaluation of cities on the basis of the Florida indicators "Talent, Technology and Tolerance". Surveys in European cities so far have shown that the Florida indicators are not transferable one-to-one, but need modification and adaptation. Thus the Florida indicators and the concept of the creative class were analysed and evaluated according to their relevance and applicability. As there were only national analyses for Europe but no analyses of cities using the Florida indicators, on basis of the available data it was further investigated as to whether an empirically well-founded description of the indicators would be possible or if more data would have to be collected.

Investigation of the Economic Potential in the Field of Creative Industries in Vienna
(2002 - 2004)
Commissioned by: Vienna City Council Department for EU Strategy and Economic Development, Vienna Chamber of Commerce, Vienna Film Fund

"Culture and employment" and/or "culture and work" has long been a major focus for the österreichische kulturdokumentation. After finishing the study on the "Utilisation and development of the job potential in the cultural sector in the age of digitalisation" the kulturdokumentation carried out the "Survey of the economic potential in the field of creative industries in Vienna" together with the research institutes Mediacult and Wifo.

The study analyses the market, innovation and job potential of market-economy-oriented sectors such as design/fashion, graphic design, advertising, multimedia and architecture, as well as those at the intersection of the arts and commerce, such as literature and publishing, music, film, fine arts and the arts market, performing arts, libraries and museums. Alongside the demarcation and definition of the "creative industries", an analysis of the 10 creative industries sectors was carried out, and 1,134 companies and one-person businesses were interviewed among other things on their economic situation, their expectations for the future, on the advantages and disadvantages of Vienna as a location and on the effectiveness of support policy. [more]

The study (the whole study, results and recommendations, analysis of sectors and survey of enterprises) is available in german language as download on our website http://www.creativeindustries.at, too. You can also find a service section here with information on specialist events and current calls. The site also offers an overview of relevant online national and international studies on the creative industries which is being continually updated.

Download of the english summary as pdf-file (400 KB)


Science for Creative Industries
(2003)
Commissioned by: WWTF Vienna Science and Technology Fund

In cooperation with Mediacult and WIFO the kulturdokumentation has compiled a survey of the research focus "creative industries supporting sciences". The survey contained a screening of the landscape of research, providing information on the research potential of creative industries, and as well as an assessment of research databases includes a structural analysis of research institutions. Further, a definition of the creative industries was formulated and recommendations were made for the creation of a research focus. .

Exploitation and Development of the Job Potential in the Cultural Sector
in the Age of Digitalisation
(2000 - 2001)
Commissioned by: European Commission, DG Employment and Social Affairs

The study has the task of investigating the employment potential in the cultural sector (in the broadest sense) including media and digital applications. In the framework of this study the österreichische kulturdokumentation was responsible for the cultural theory contextualisation. Likewise, the institute was involved in recording and describing European best practices in the new training programmes on offer.

For the cultural theory context "employment in the cultural sector " literature and research", an overview and analysis of the current state of research in the individual EU states was provided in order to highlight the varying speeds at which the issue of "employment in the cultural sector" is becoming policy in the national labour-market and cultural policy concepts.

The final report was published in full in English. Summaries of the study findings have been published in all EU member-state languages. English and german short versions can be ordered at the kulturdokumentation.

Participating in the project alongside the österreichische kulturdokumentation were:
MKW Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH, Munich, (Coordination)
empirica Delasasse, Cologne
Interarts, Barcelona
Economix Research & Consulting, Munich
WIMMEX AG, Munich

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